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The New Zealand Curriculum.

This site has been developed to support The New Zealand Curriculum


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Linguistic content and examples

Levels 5 and 6 (in addition to levels 1–4)

This section iillustrates the kind of language and the expected degree of difficulty for the levels 5 and 6 band. The examples do not form a comprehensive list for these banded levels, but rather are an exemplification of the language focus for levels 5 and 6.

Verbs

Regular verbs of all conjugations

Future and future perfect active indicative amabo, amavero
Passive indicative (all tenses) amor, amabor, amabar, amatus sum, amatus ero, amatus eram
Deponent indicative (all tenses) sequor, sequar, sequebar, secutus sum, secutus ero, secutus eram
Subjunctive (imperfect and pluperfect active only) amarem; amavissem
Present, future and perfect passive and active participles amans, -tis; amaturus, -a, -um; amatus, -a, -um;
egressus, -a, -um
Gerundive of obligation mihi effugiendum est
Infinitives (perfect and future active) amavisse; amaturus,-a,-um esse
Irregular verbs (future and future perfect indicative and imperfect and pluperfect subjunctive) potero, potuero, possem, potuissem
New irregular verbs (all indicative tenses and imperfect and pluperfect subjunctive) ire, ferre

Pronouns (all cases)

Personal mecum, tecum, nobiscum, vobiscum
Reflexive sui, secum
Demonstrative hoc, hac, hoc; illo, illa, illo; eo, ea, eo
Relative quo, qua, quo
Interrogative quis, quis, quid?; qui, quae, quod?
Emphatic ipse, ipsa, ipsum
Other alius, - a, - ud; alter, - a, - um; quidam, quaedam, quoddam; idem, eadem, idem

Nouns

Declensions 1–5 flumen, fluminis (n); manus, -us (f) genu, -us (n); res, rei (f)

Cases

Accusative:

  • extent of time and distance;
  • motion towards a place (names of towns, cities, small islands, humus rus and domus)
  • totam noctem; murus sex pedes altus est
  • Romam iit; domum rediit

Genitive:

  • partitive
  • descriptive
  • after adjectives
  • multi civium
  • vir magnae sapientiae
  • fratris similis est
Dative: agent with gerundive mihi effugiendum est

Ablative:

  • motion from a place (names of towns, cities, small islands, humus, rus, domus)
  • point of time and time within which
  • instrument
  • agent
  • absolute
  • descriptive
  • manner
  • with common verbs
  • Roma abiit; rure
  • tertio die, tribus annis
  • gladio necatus est
  • a servo necatus est
  • pecunia amissa, puer domum rediit
  • senex sordida toga
  • cum multis lacrimis
  • gladio usus est

Adjectives

Irregular comparative and superlative forms melior; optimus
Demonstrative hic, haec, hoc; ille, illa, illud; is, ea, id
Other pronominal alius, -a, -ud; alter, -a, - um; quidam, quaedam, quoddam; idem, eadem, idem

Prepositions

With the accusative case ante, apud, contra, extra, in, intra, inter, ob, praeter, propter, sub, super, trans, ultra
With the ablative case a/ab, in, prae, pro, sine, sub, super

Question words

Question words qualis, -is, -e; quando; quantus, -a, -um; quare; quo, quomodo; quot; unde; utrum … an

Adverbs

Comparison of some regular and irregular diu; saepe; bene; male; magnopere; paulum; multum

Numerals

All cases of 1–3 and 1000 unus, duo, tres, mille

Subordinate noun clauses

indirect statement Miles dixit Caesarem venire.
indirect question Miles rogavit unde Caesar veniret.
indirect command and request Caesar ei persuasit ut exiret.

Subordinate adverbial clauses

purpose: ut, ne Agrícola Romam iit ut regem videret.
Result: ut, ut … non Pueri tam celeriter cucurrerunt ut eos non capere possemus.

Time:

  • antequam, (meaning “before” with indicative)
  • cum (meaning “when” with subjunctive)
  • dum (meaning “while” with indicative)
  • antequam discedo, hoc dicam.
  • cum clientes advenissent, omnes cenaverunt.
  • dum cenant, canis ingens apparuit

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