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The New Zealand Curriculum.

This site has been developed to support The New Zealand Curriculum


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Linguistic content and examples

Levels 3 and 4 (in addition to levels 1 and 2)

This section iillustrates the kind of language and the expected degree of difficulty for the levels 3 and 4 band. The examples do not form a comprehensive list for these banded levels, but rather are an exemplification of the language focus for levels 3 and 4.

Verbs

Present and perfect stems laborare; laboravi
Four conjugations – all tenses singular and plural except for future and future perfect tenses amo, amabam, amavi, amaveram
moneo, monebam, monui, monueram
rego, regebam, rexi, rexeram
audio, audiebam, audivi, audiverama
Present active infinitive as prolative infinitive and with impersonal expressions Salvius servum videre non poterat; difficile est hoc facere
Irregular verbs, singular and plural, except for future and future perfect tenses esse, velle, nolle, malle, posse

Pronouns

(In nominative, accusative, and dative cases only)

Personal me, te, nos, vos, nobis, vobis
Reflexive se, sibi
Demonstrative hic, haec, hoc; ille, illa, illud; is, ea, id
Relative qui, quae, quod

Nouns

Declensions (1–3) ancilla – ae (f); servus – i (m); tablinum – i (n); rex – regis (m); civis – is (c)

Use of cases

Nominative: subject and complement Quintus est filius; filius in atrio sedet.
Vocative Quinte, mi fili, ubi es?
Accusative: object and after prepositions Salvius servos ad se vocavit.
Genitive Libertus Salvii pecuniam cupiebat.
Dative: indirect object; in impersonal expressions and after the verbs faveo, studeo, and appropinquo puer donum matri dedit;
melius est tibi ire; senex fonti appropinquabat
Ablative: after prepositions Servus e fundo discessit.

Adjectives

(Positive, comparative, and superlative)

1–3 declensions with agreement altus, -a, -um; altior, -ius; altissimus, -a, -um; facilis, -is, -e; facilior, -ius; facillimus, -a, -um
Possessive meus, -a, -um; tuus, -a, -um; suus, -a, -um; noster, nostra, nostrum; vester, vestra, vestrum

Conjunctions

Conjunctions e t/ -que; postquam; sed; quod (with indicative); ubi; simulatque /simulac; quamquam (with indicative)

Prepositions

Prepositions de, circum, cum, in, per, post, ad, e/ex, prope

Question words

Question words num; nonne, -ne, ubi, cur

Adverbs

Positive and superlative

Adverbs subito, ita, igitur, tum; celeriter, celerrime

Interjections and exclamations

Interjections and exclamations eheu; quam stultus est!

Numerals

21–100 XX (viginti)

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