Te Kete Ipurangi Navigation:

Te Kete Ipurangi
Communities
Schools

Te Kete Ipurangi user options:


Learning Languages curriculum guides navigation


The New Zealand Curriculum.

This site has been developed to support The New Zealand Curriculum


You are here:

Linguistic content and examples

Level 8 (in addition to levels 1–7)

This section iillustrates the kind of language and the expected degree of difficulty for level 8. The examples do not form a comprehensive list for this level, but rather are an exemplification of the language focus for the level.

Verbs

Historic present Homines eunt in curiam provocantque magistratus.
Inceptive imperfect Hostes nostros progredi prohibebant.

Subjunctive – independent uses:

  • jussive
  • optative
  • deliberative
  • potential
  • Vivamus atque amemus.
  • beatus sis; utinam veniant!
  • Quid faciam?
  • velim veniat; Nihil respondit: putares eum non audivisse.
Gerund: in genitive case scribendi causa

Gerundive:

  • gerundival attraction
  • gerundive with intransitive verbs
  • libri scribendi causa; amicos videndi causa
  • Regi a nobis parendum est.
Infinitives with impersonal verbs Mihi licet discedere.
Historic infinitive tum omnes desperare, in vias ruere, clamare, huc illuc currere

Supine:

  • ablative with adjectives
  • accusative expressing purpose
  • mirabile dictu
  • legati pacem petitum venerunt
Passive of intransitive verbs pugnatum est; ad urbem pervenitur

Cases

Accusative: respect (in poetry) tandem progreditur … Sidoniam picto chlamydem circumdata limbo.
Genitive: value Quanti hoc est? Amicos plurimi faciebas.

Dative:

  • advantage
  • disadvantage/deprivation
  • Hoc tibi faciendum fuit.
  • Illi morbus amorem abstulit.

Ablative:

  • measure of difference
  • respect
  • price
  • Multo altior quam fratre est.
  • Et corde et genibus tremit.
  • Togam centum sestertiis emi.

Subordinate adjectival clauses

Relative clauses with subjunctive (generic) expressing result Nemo tam stultus erat qui illud crederet.

Subordinate adverbial clauses

Cause: alleged reason with the subjunctive Domi mansit, quod aeger esset.
Concession: cum with subjunctive Cum puer adhuc esset, tamen multa fecerat.
Condition: with subjunctive Si venisset, nos adiuvisset.
Time: ut and cum with indicative Ut Caesar cecidit, magnus clamor orsus est.

Site map


Footer: